Emergency Contraception

The Morning-After Pill

What is the morning-after pill?
The morning-after pill is a form of emergency contraception. Plan B One-Step® is the brand name and there are some generics as well. Emergency contraception is any type of birth control used after unprotected intercourse or a known or suspected contraceptive failure (e.g. a broken condom) to attempt to prevent pregnancy.

Your body and your health are important, so take time to make the best decision.  Give us a call for a confidential discussion about your options.

Is the morning-after pill effective?
One study conducted by Plan B® One-Step found that 84% of expected pregnancies were prevented. 1 The makers of the drug claim that 7 out of 8 women who would have gotten pregnant, did not. 2 These figures are based on estimates of when ovulation might have occurred.

Should I take the morning-after pill?
Many times women panic after having unprotected sex and rush to take the morning-after pill. However, you can only become pregnant on certain days of the month — around the time that you ovulate. Taking the morning-after pill during a time when you cannot become pregnant needlessly exposes you to large doses of hormones.

If you are already pregnant from an earlier sexual encounter, taking the morning-after pill is of no value and may cause harm. 3

To find out if you are pregnant, call us and make an appointment for a free pregnancy.

Can the morning-after pill cause an abortion?
That depends upon how you define “life.”  Some believe that pregnancy does not begin until a fertilized egg implants in the womb. However, the scientific reality is that at conception, many defining features are determined such as gender, eye and hair color and growth begins. 4 That’s why many believe that conception is the starting point of a new human life. Taking Plan B One-Step® after the sperm has fertilized the egg may prevent this new life from settling into the womb (implantation) and continuing to grow, which is why many consider it an early abortion. 5

Does the morning-after pill have side effects and risks?
Like any medication, the incidence of risks and side effects is variable.  Plan B One-Step® is associated with the following side effects: heavier menstrual bleeding, nausea, lower abdominal pain, fatigue, headache, and dizziness. 6

References
1. Plan B One-Step® package insert. “Clinical Studies.” Package insert available at:
http://www.planbonestep.com/pdf/PlanBOneStepFullProductInformation.pdf. (Accessed May 25, 2015)
2. Plan B One-Step® website. FAQs: “What is Plan B One-Step®?” http://www.planbonestep.com/faqs.aspx. (Accessed May 25, 2015)
3. Plan B One-Step® package insert. “Contraindications.” Package insert available at:
http://www.planbonestep.com/pdf/PlanBOneStepFullProductInformation.pdf. (Accessed May 25, 2015)
4. Mayo Clinic website. Fetal Development: The 1st trimester. http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/prenatal-care/art-20045302 (Accessed May 25, 2015)
5. FDA website, “Plan B® Questions and Answers: How Does Plan B® Work.”
http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PostmarketDrugSafetyInformationforPatientsandProviders/ucm109783.htm. (Accessed May 25, 2015)
6. Plan B® One-Step package insert. “Adverse Reactions.” Package insert available at: http://www.planbonestep.com/pdf/PlanBOneStepFullProductInformation.pdf. (Accessed May 25, 2015)

ella

What is ella?
ella is a form of emergency contraception. This means it is a type of birth control used after unprotected intercourse or suspected contraceptive failure (e.g. a broken condom) to prevent pregnancy. It cannot be purchased over-the-counter and is only available by prescription in the United States. ella is not intended for routine use as a contraceptive. 1 It is only to be used for a single episode of unprotected intercourse. 2

Give us a call. We are here to listen to your questions and talk about your options.

Is ella effective?
If ella is taken as directed, it will reduce the chance of pregnancy, but it is not effective in every case.
In the two studies mentioned in the package insert, ella reduced the number of expected pregnancies from about 5.5% and 5.6% to an observed number of about 2.2% and 1.9%. 3 It is important to realize that this number is an estimate based on the number of pregnancies per 100 women at risk for pregnancy as calculated based upon the timing of intercourse with regard to each woman’s menstrual cycle. 4

Should I take ella?
Many times women panic after having unprotected sex and rush to take emergency contraception, such as ella. However, you can only become pregnant on certain days of the month — around the time that you ovulate. Taking ella during a time when you cannot become pregnant needlessly exposes you to a new drug that has not been fully tested.

ella should not be used if you are or may be pregnant, if you are breast-feeding, for regular contraceptive use, or more than once during one menstrual cycle. 5 According to the manufacturers, pregnancy should be excluded before prescribing ella. 6 If pregnancy cannot be excluded on the basis of history and/or physical examination, pregnancy testing should be performed. 7

To find out if you are pregnant, call us and make an appointment for a free pregnancy.

Can ella cause an abortion?
ella may act to reduce a woman’s chances of becoming pregnant by preventing or postponing ovulation. It may also change the lining of the uterus so that the embryo cannot implant in the uterus. 8

The manufacturers of ella claim that the drug will not cause an abortion when it is taken correctly. This is based upon the assumption that life begins when the fertilized egg implants into the uterine wall. However, the scientific reality is that life begins at conception when the egg is fertilized. When the sperm penetrates the egg (fertilization), the sex, hair, eye color, height, etc. have all been determined and a new life has begun.

ella works by blocking progesterone, which is a hormone needed for the establishment and maintenance of a pregnancy. When progesterone is blocked, the embryo is prevented from attaching to the uterus. If the embryo is already attached to the uterus, then the connection to the womb is dissolved and the embryo detaches and dies. This is clearly an abortion. Only limited studies were done with women who were early in pregnancy. However, based upon how this drug worked in animals that were tested, it is reasonable to expect that ella would also have an abortive effect on early pregnancies in humans.

Does ella have side effects and risks?
The most common adverse reactions of ella include headache, nausea, stomach (abdominal) pain, menstrual cramps, fatigue, and dizziness. 9 Women who experience abdominal pain three to five weeks after using ella should be evaluated right away for an ectopic pregnancy by a physician. 10 An ectopic pregnancy can be life-threatening. After a woman takes ella, her period may occur earlier or later than expected by a few days. 11

Remember, your body and health are important, so take time to make the best decision. Please call us to get more information.

References
1. ella package insert. “Indications and Uses.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
2. ella package insert. “How effective is ella?” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
3. ella package insert. “Clinical Studies.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
4. ella package insert. “Clinical Studies.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
5. ella package insert. “Patient Counseling Information.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
6. ella package insert. “Warnings and Precautions.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
7. ella package insert. “Existing Pregnancy.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
8. ella package insert.” Mechanism of Action.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
9. ella package insert. “Adverse Reactions.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
10. ella package insert. “Patient Counseling Information.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)
11. ella package insert. “Effect on Menstrual Cycle.” Package insert available at: http://www.ellanow.com/pdf/ella-full-prescribing-information.pdf (Accessed May 25, 2015)

Our Services

Our free and confidential services include: self-administered pregnancy tests, referrals for limited obstetrical ultrasounds to confirm pregnancy, options counseling, accurate information about abortion, community referrals, material resource program, Baby Basics Parenting Class, Abortion Recovery Support Groups, individual abortion recovery counseling, Sexual Integrity Workshops, adoption referrals, and Man to Man support.

Hours

Regular Hours:
Monday – Tuesday
9 am – 4 pm
Wednesday – Thursday
10 am – 4 pm
Closed Friday

Summer Hours:
Monday – Tuesday
9 am – 4 pm
Wednesday
10 am – 4 pm
Closed Thursday and Friday

Contact Us

Address:
226 Church Street (location)
PO Box 2118 (mailing)
Poughkeepsie, NY 12601

Phone: (845) 471-9284
Fax: (845) 471-9310
Email: CareNetPC@gmail.com

About Us

Care Net Pregnancy Center of the Hudson Valley provides free, confidential services to assist with unexpected pregnancy. This Center does not perform or refer for abortions.

All our services are free and confidential.

Care Net Pregnancy Center of the Hudson Valley is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.
EIN 14-1691505